���G���-�:ovP�{�p�A\3��MM�z����.��K�um�@1���z����5�^Ccn�jA�G�4!����\��R�b$w,�?�ҿL�|���/�Gm�����������^�[��B��o��K��q�{�Ӵx)������*�c�I�}��$���kY���7^��&�u����.>ihR�=q�Տ,k�0�-��`ּ��6���,�S���Gv':N�W��!����"6���) ����. It can be defined as the proportion of area under various crops at a point of time. Ginger is grown in the tropics from sea-level up to 1500 m altitude, but is mostly found at low altitudes. Ginger loves humidity. (Deemed-to-be-University) Ginger thrives best in well drained soils like sandy loam, clay loam, red loam or lateritic loam… Keywords: Ginger, Indigenous cultivation, Northeast India IPC Int. Plant cassava, maize, and yam that do not suffer from soft rot. Indeed, this root crop is a valuable addition in the kitchen. The rhizomes from rainfed crop have more fibre than irrigated one raised under lower elevations. (Family: Zingiberaceae) is an herbaceous perennial, the rhizomes of which are used as a spice. During rainy season there is no need for irrigation. Insect Pests of Ginger White Grub or Khumlay : Holotrichia spp. Home | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial crop that belongs to Zingiberaceae. Are you using Office 2013? Don't overwater, though, because the water that drains away will take nutrients with it. In the food industry, its powdered form is widely used as a condiment/flavoring Avoid soil on which previously ginger was taken. Ginger. For successful cultivation of the crop, a moderate rain fall at sowing time till the rhizomes sprout, fairly heavy and well distributed showers during the growing period and dry weather for about a month before harvesting are necessary. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. 1 / 2. Ginger grows well in pots, and the benefit is you can move the pots indoors when it gets cold. By product type, the market can be divided into fresh and processed products. Ginger is raised as sole crop as well as intercrop. The production of Ginger in 1 hectare = 15 to 25 tons (depends on soil conditions, variety and climate). Title: ATELIER DISTRESS… Author: Vendrely Last modified by: Vendrely Created Date: 4/7/2005 8:49:28 PM Document presentation format: Affichage à l'écran On roots irregular round galls and spindle-shaped enlargements appear on the tap and side roots (Plate-4). Some other products such as candies, cookies, crackers and the carbonated soft drink ginger ale is also made from the ginger root. Cultivated up to 1500 m above sea level. Usually ginger crop needs frequent irrigations where. It is also called as German method or German method of broad breeding because once it was used nicely in Germany for improving the sugar beets and small grains such as rye and wheat. Ginger (Zingiber offinalis) is an important spice crop of India and accounts for 45 % of the worlds ginger production. Cropping pattern is a dynamic concept because it changes over space and time. If in doubt, Sort by: Best Ginger Powder | Dry Ginger Powder Jain Farm Fresh | Authentic and Flavorsome - 100% pure and authentic ginger powder retains the taste and flavour of best quaiity fresh ginger and adds value to your food and health. Marginal and tribal farmers mostly rely on ITKs for pest and disease management. Rainfall. The amount of nutrient solution to apply to the ginger crop depends on the size of the plants; watering will increase as the plants get larger, and also on the growing conditions. Ginger PowerPoint PPT Presentations. E) Characteristics of Weed species: Weeds differ in their ability to compete with crops at similar density levels. In general, even though India leads the world in tea technology, the methods employed to harvest the crop vary with the type of tea and terrain. It offers an opportunity to exploit desirable mutations in somatic parts of plants. Observations on the etiology of rhizome rot of ginger are presented for Fiji and Australia. The ginger sets can be pre-sprouted in pots or nursery seed beds by covering with a layer of soil or they can be planted directly at the final planting location. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Temperatures above 32 0 C and intense sunlight can result in leaf scorch particularly in young plants. This is primarily because of differences in their growth habits and to some extent in the allelopathic effect they may exert on the germination and growth of neighbouring crop plants. An allelopathic crop can potentially be used to control weeds by planting a variety with allelopathic qualities, either as a smother crop, in a rotational sequence, or when left as a residue or mulch, especially in low-till systems, to control subsequent weed growth. Burning of sulfur for processing ginger is not allowed. Ginger is one of the four high-value crops selected by Sikkim for its trade potential. Manures and fertilizers: Ginger is an exhaustive crop and requires heavy manur-ing for obtaining better yield and quality. BIG Series: 03-05 CROP PLANNING Crop Planning Crop planning considers what, when, where and which plants to grow in relation to their requirements for space, sunshine, water, maturation, season of planting and tolerance for each other. For preparing the dry ginger, the crop is harvested between 245 to 260 days. Crop fields must be kept weed free during this period. RAKESH Duration of ginger crop … The plants have leafy stems having an avg height of 60 to 90 cm with leaf base, sheathing the stems. This crop needs rhizomes for vegetative propagation. In the 1980s, ginger world production was estimated at 100,000 t, but because of the several forms in which it is traded and the fact that a high proportion is consumed in the countries where it is grown or is used to provide seeds for the next crop, it is difficult to get accurate figures21. The science, the technology Download Project Reports. Discover how to grow garlic in India. Ginger plants will not tolerate waterlogged soils. Plant cassava, maize, and yam that do not suffer from soft rot. The infestation is generally more during August-September. In addition, if the neighboring farms are non-organic then you must maintain a buffer zone of 25-50 feet. The rhizomes are separated from the leaves and the roots and soil adhering to it is cleaned. Ginger crop generally takes eight months for harvesting. The ginger clumps are lifted carefully from the soil. Cropping pattern is a dynamic concept because it changes over space and time. The infestation is generally more during August-September. SAM HIGGINBOTTOM INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY & The loss depends upon the type of crop is grown. It is a sporadic pest, sometimes causes serious damage. Allspice trees are evergreen medium sized, grow up to a height of 8 to 10 meters and with a slender upright trunk and smooth greyish bark. Ginger is an important commercial crop with versatile applications. Ginger is commercially grown in almost all the states of northeastern region. Source of seed: Choose "seed" only from areas without soft rot. Mr. Reddy-October 30, 2015. In hilly areas, in. The year-wise scheme of clonal selection is as follows: The variety produced is stable possessing all the original characters of the parental clone as such. By product type, the market can be divided into fresh and processed products. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Ginger is an important commercial crop grown for its aromatic rhizomes and is used both as a spice and a medicine. It is ready when the leaves start yellowing and gradually drying. Crop can also refer a harvest part or a refined state like shelled or husked produce. Ginger is a reed-like plant that is perennial and consists of annual leafy stems that grow to a height of about a meter. The crop prefers warm, sunny conditions, and though it may benefit from shade during hot periods, especially when young, shading is generally considered unnecessary. Selection Method for Crop Improvement: It is the simplest and oldest breeding method. Area under cultivation in India is about 63,000. ha with total production of about 2 lakh tones. Automated greenhouses are established for production of disease-free quality planting material. When the leaves turn yellow and start gradually drying up, the clumps are lifted carefully with a spade or digging fork and the adhering soil removed. Your Name. Grows well in areas with annual rainfall between 250 to 300 cm. Ginger is native to warmer parts of Asia, such as China, Japan, and India, but now is grown in parts of South American and Africa. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) estimates that 1/3 rd of food products is lost every year. IISR Varada: It gives high yield of fresh as well as dry ginger yield. It is the only method to improve the clonal crops. Introduction to. However, there were substantial differences in the ability of species to grow outside this range. Temperature. Value Chain – Ginger - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. ... Root knot infected ginger may have stunted growth with partial yellowing of plants. Modern Farm Equipment in Agriculture. It is also cultivated as a subsidiary crop to ginger and chilli. The soil should never dry out. Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION. Crop rotation is very important in ginger farming and do not cultivate ginger in the same field year after year. Good control is achieved by growing the crop under partial shade. ii. The analy-sis data can be used as a guide for attaining improved crop quality and yield. Garlic farming is a viable business in many ways. All Time. 1(1):1-19. For Tumblr, Facebook, Chromebook or WebSites. This yield is of non-irrigated crop. Do not cultivate ginger crop on same site year after year. Ginger needs a lot of moisture while actively growing. Weeding and irrigation Weeding has to be done thrice at 60, 90 and 120 days after planting depending upon weed intensity. The optimum temperatures range for growing ginger is 25-30 0 C with a mean annual range of 18-27 0 C. Ginger is not frost tolerant and low temperatures induce dormancy. Container Growing. Ideal pH range of 6-6.5 is required for good growth of crop. Cash crop production enables farmers and farm workers to increase their living standards, thus contributing to food security. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Must-See: Websites like Grammarly Grammarly is the proofreading software which can assist the users for effective English writing. At the time of field preparation, 3-5 tonnes of FYM per ha is incorporated in the soil.NPK @ 100:90:90 kg/ha should be ap-plied in the form of chemical fertilizers. The crop can grow in areas ranging from coastal lowlands to 1500m above sea level. 1/3 nitrogen and full doses of phosphorus and potassium is applied at the time of planting. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. If you have problems with dry air then regular spraying and misting might help. Once the ginger starts to grow shoots out of the soil, which should happen in 2-3 weeks, mulch around the plant. To PPT Turmeric 2. Altitude. Make sure you use a container that allows at least 3 inches of soil around the rhizome. Crop Science Agriculture - the production of food, feed, fiber, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals - science, art and business of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock - the work of raising crops or livestock - from Latin ager, a field; and cultura, cultivation. SUBMMITED BY, 2010 - Sikkim Organic Mission is launched to fast-track conversion of Sikkim into a 100 per cent organic state; 2010-11 - More than 18,234 ha of land is certified. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Ginger Zingiber officinale Rosc. MASS MULTIPLICATION OF Corcyra cephalonia PPT, Recent Advances in Integrated Pest Management of Sorghum, Role of biological control agent in crop protection, INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR INSECT PESTS OF PULSES, Integrated Pest Management on Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench), No public clipboards found for this slide, Student at COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY, THENI. the soil has less water retention capacity. 2008 Printed and published in the Republic of South Africa ISBN 1-86871-021-1 ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Private Bag X11208, Nelspruit, 1200 You can change your ad preferences anytime. All species achieved maximum or near-maximum growth in the pH range 5.5 to 6.5. Ginger, cassava, maize, wheat, french bean and tomato were grown for periods up to six weeks in continuously flowing nutrient solutions at seven constant pH values ranging from 3.3 to 8.5. Ginger Farming Information Guide. Optimum soil pH for growth of ginger is between 6.0 and 6.5 Climate: Tropical crop requires warm and humid climate. Parts of turmeric plant Root Plant Flower Leaf 3. Show: Recommended. In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field. Although the nutrient is directly available to the plant in nitrate form, it is easily lost by leaching. India is a leading producer of ginger in the world and during 2012-13 the country produced 7.45 lakh tonnes of the spice from an area of 1. Also cultivated as a guide for attaining improved crop quality and yield for growth crop! 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