The T-34-85 was the first Soviet tank to enter service with the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR), along with the IS-2. The first production T-34s were completed in September 1940, completely replacing the production of the T-26, the BT series and the multi-turreted T-28 medium tank at the KhPZ plant. In one wartime account, a single T-34 came under heavy fire upon encountering one of the most common German anti-tank guns at that stage of the war: "Remarkably enough, one determined 37 mm gun crew reported firing 23 times against a single T-34 tank, only managing to jam the tank’s turret ring. , In late 1950 a T-34 85 tank was captured by the UN security force in the Korean War. Production started in 1934 and, by 1939, sixty-one vehicles were produced, ten of which were conical turreted T-35s. Mechanical breakdowns accounted for at least 50 percent of the tank losses in the summer fighting, and recovery or repair equipment was not to be found. The T34 is the hardest hitting tier 8 heavy tank, putting out even more damage than the IS-3 armed with the 122mm BL-9.  German commanders liked to fight "heads-up", with their seat raised and having a full field of view – in the T-34 this was impossible. A tank platoon would seldom be capable of engaging three separate targets but would tend to focus on a single target selected by the platoon leader.  Bosnia-Herzegovina possessed 5, Yemen 30, Guinea 30, Guinea-Bissau 10, Mali 21, and Laos 30. [unreliable source? Fighting on the Eastern Front saw large numbers of T-34s captured, though few were T-34-85s. The ammunition load shrank from around 90-100 to 55-60 shells, but the projectiles were 50% heavier (9 kg) and were much better in the anti-armour role, and reasonable in a general purpose role. Like the Soviet forces themselves, the Polish and Czechoslovak tank crews were sent into action quickly with little training, and suffered high casualties. During the Battle of Lake Khasan in July 1938 and the Battles of Khalkhin Gol in 1939, an undeclared border war with Japan on the frontier with occupied Manchuria, the Soviets deployed numerous tanks against the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA). V době svého vzniku v roce 1940 byl podle amerického autora Stevena Zalogy nejlepším středním tankem na světě. , Despite this, the Soviet corps equipped with these new tanks lost most of them within weeks. The F-34 also fired an adequate high explosive round.  In another incident, a single Soviet T-34 was hit more than 30 times by a battalion-sized contingent of German 37mm and 50mm anti-tank guns, yet survived intact and drove back to its own lines a few hours later. Korzystanie ze strony bez zmiany ustawień przeglądarki w tym zakresie, oznacza zgodę na ich używanie.  The T-34 was superior to any tank the Germans then had in service. Find the perfect russian tank t34 tank stock photo. In addition, close examination of the T-34 at the Aberdeen Testing Ground showed that a variety of alloys were used in different portions of the armour on the T-34. A cut out of a Russian (USSR) T34 / 76 Heavy Tank, Used extensively by Soviet forces during WW2 & other Warsaw Pact armies later War and peace show, England. It was evolved from the T29 Heavy Tank and T30 Heavy Tank in 1945, sporting a 120 mm (4.72 in) modified anti-aircraft gun. The Cuban forces were mobilised to stop them. Photo "Russian Tanks T34" can be used for personal and commercial purposes according to the conditions of the purchased Royalty-free license. US engineering analysis and testing concluded that the T-34 85 could penetrate 4.1 inches at 1000 yards, performing similarly to the HVAP rounds of the M41.  It was still not enough to match the Tiger, as a Tiger could destroy the T-34 from a distance of 1,500 to 2,000 meters, but it was a noticeable improvement. A still heavier version of the A-32, with 45 mm (1.77 in) of front armour, wider tracks, and a newer L-11 76.2 mm gun, was approved for production as the T-34.  Over 6,000 fully tracked armoured vehicles, 4,000 combat aircraft, and 2 million men are believed to have participated in these battles. Although during decades of service time there are plenty of modifications that make some visual differences between original T-34-85 and the Chinese T-34-85, and Factory 617 had the ability to produce every single part of T-34-85, there was no single T-34-85 that actually produced in China. , After the formation of the People's Republic of China (the PRC) in 1949, the Soviet Union sent many T-34-85s to the PRC's People's Liberation Army (the PLA). The motor is weak, very overloaded and sparks horribly, as a result of which the device regulating the speed of the rotation burns out, and the teeth of the cogwheels break into pieces. The new tank had a turret design based on the T-34-85's, but featured a new hull with torsion-bar suspension and transversely mounted engine; it had a lower profile than the T-34-85 and was simpler to manufacture.  As the war progressed the Germans created heavier tank designs like the Tiger I or Panther which were both immune to the 76mm gun of the T-34 when fired upon from the front. The T-34-85 (German designation: T-34/85) was a major improvement with an 85 mm gun in a three-man turret. The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank introduced in 1940, famously deployed during World War II against Operation Barbarossa. Soviet JS-1 Heavy Tank - 001 Ta strona używa plików Cookies. Goncharenko's T-34-85 (the first Soviet tank to enter Prague during the liberation of Czechoslovakia in May 1945), but actually bore an IS-2M heavy tank. , The main weakness [of the two-man turret of a T-34 Model 1941] is that it is very tight. No bureaucrat would approve production of the new gun, but Gorky and KhPZ started producing it anyway; official permission came from the State Defense Committee only after troops praised the weapon's performance in combat against the Germans.  In Sydney Pollack's 1969 movie Castle Keep, barely modified T-34-85 tanks were used as German tanks. , There is at least one surviving example in National Armor and Cavalry Museum, Fort Benning, Georgia.  In 1975, the Soviet Union shipped eighty T-34-85s to Angola as part of its support for the ongoing Cuban military intervention there. , Judging by samples, Russians when producing tanks pay little attention to careful machining or the finishing and technology of small parts and components, which leads to the loss of the advantage what would otherwise accrue from what on the whole are well-designed tanks. With the T-43 canceled, the Soviet command made the decision to retool the factories to produce an improved version of the T-34. The resulting new tank, the T-34-85, was seen as a compromise between advocates for the T-43 and others who wanted to continue to build as many 76 mm-armed T-34s as possible without interruption. The gearbox was seen as problematic and unreliable and the US opinion of the transmission was exceptionally low, stating that it had "by American standards already failed". " However, a Military Commissariat Report of the 10th Tank Division, dated 2 August 1941 reported that within 300–400 m the 37 mm Pak 36's armour-piercing shot could defeat the frontal armour. The rest are in storage awaits and no longer serve as active duty battle tank. Under licence, production was restarted in Poland (1951–55) and Czechoslovakia (1951–58), where 1,380 and 3,185 T-34-85s were made, respectively, by 1956. After these battles, Koshkin convinced Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to let him develop a second prototype, a more heavily armed and armoured "universal tank" that reflected the lessons learned and could replace both the T-26 and the BT tanks. The vehicle was deemed too heavy and no production orders were placed. Early in the tank's life, however, this advantage was greatly reduced by the numerous teething troubles the design displayed: a long road trip could be a lethal exercise for a T-34 tank at the start of the war. Download royalty-free Legendary Russian Tank T34 in a snowy day stock photo 9142504 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock … Work on the Heavy Tank T29 and Heavy Tank T30 began in 1944. , In 1939, the most numerous Soviet tank models were the T-26 infantry tank and the BT series of fast tanks. Because of the decline in heavy tank development after the end of World War II, the T34 never entered service. Soviet Tank T-34 76 model 1940 abandoned by the Red Army.  However, following the introduction of heavier and more capable armour into the war by US and UN forces, such as the American M4 Sherman, M26 Pershing and M46 Patton tanks, as well as the British Comet and Centurion tanks, the KPA began to suffer more T-34 tank losses in combat from enemy armour, aside from further losses due to numerous US/UN airstrikes and increasingly-effective anti-tank firepower for US/UN infantry on the ground, such as the then-new 3.5-inch M20 "Super Bazooka" (replacing the earlier 2.36-inch model).  Soviet veterans condemned the turret hatches of the early models. During the Vietnam War, the North Vietnamese Army was equipped with many Chinese Type 58 tanks, a copy of T-34, and these were used in the Operation Lam Son 719, the 1972 Easter Offensive and the 1975 Spring Offensive. , Valuable lessons from Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Gol regarding armour protection, mobility, quality welding, and main guns were incorporated into the new T-34 tank, which represented a substantial improvement over the BT and T-26 tanks in all four areas. Badly damaged tanks were either dug in as pillboxes or were used for testing and training purposes. In comparison with the T-34-85 program, the Germans instead chose an upgrade path based on the introduction of completely new, expensive, heavier, and more complex tanks, greatly slowing the growth of their tank production and aiding the Soviets in maintaining a substantial numerical superiority in tanks. The abundance of gaps in the joints of the armour was seen as an undesirable feature of the tank due to the risk of injury from "entry of bullet splash and shell fragments"..  The destruction of the Soviet tank force was accomplished not only by the glaring disparity in the tactical and operational skills of the opponents, but also by mechanical defects that afflicted Soviet armour. For those that believe that this is the Soviet T-34 (notice the dash in the name) "The final variation of the T29 concept, the Heavy Tank T34, mounted a 120 mm gun based upon the then-current 120mm M1 anti-aircraft gun" -Wikipedia  The use of riveted armour led to a problem whereby the impact of enemy shells, even if they failed to disable the tank or kill the crew on their own, would cause the rivets to break off and become projectiles inside the tank. The campaign featured the largest tank battles in history. At the beginning of the 21st century reruns of the black and white series still manage to attract a large audience. After German unification in 1990, the tank was transferred to a museum in Ingolstadt. New methods were developed for automated welding and hardening the armour plate, including innovations by Prof. Evgeny Paton.  The Kirovsky Factory, evacuated just weeks before the Germans surrounded Leningrad, moved with the Kharkov Diesel Factory to the Stalin Tractor Factory in Chelyabinsk, soon to be nicknamed Tankograd ("Tank City").  During the course of the World War II, the cost of a T-34 tank was reduced by almost half, from 270,000 rubles in 1941, while in the meantime its top speed remained about the same, and its main gun's armour penetration and turret frontal armour thickness both nearly doubled. T-34-85s equipped many of the armies of Eastern European countries (later forming the Warsaw Pact) and the armies of other Soviet client-states elsewhere. In 1956, they were used as regular tanks to support Egyptian infantry, the tank was still in use by the 1973 October war.  According to an examination of damaged T-34 tanks in several repair workshops in August to September 1942, collected by the People's Commissariat for Tank Industry in January 1943, 54.3% of all T-34 losses were caused by the German long-barreled 50 mm KwK 39 gun. "Oblique Penetration in Ceramic Targets". The technological equipment of their machines was better, the combat gear was worse. The complaints of the crews urged the design group led by Alexander Morozov to switch in August 1942 to using two hatches in the turret. The USSR donated two combat-used Model 1941 T-34s to the United States for testing purposes in late 1942. The bomber, Josef Kneifel, was sentenced to life imprisonment in Bautzen, but was released after a deal with the West German government in 1987. The tank was painted pink by artist David Černý in 1991. The Model 1943 (confusingly also introduced in 1942) had yet more armour, as well as increased fuel capacity and more ammunition storage. A Soviet 85 mm anti-aircraft gun, the 52-K, was found capable of doing the job, and so derivatives of it were developed for tanks. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. The extremely versatile T 34-85 is one of the best mediums at Tier 6.  One of the resulting guns used on the original T-34 85 model (the D-5T) was capable of penetrating the Tiger I's upper hull armour at 1,000 metres. , Production of this first T-34 series – the Model 1940 – totalled only about 400, before production was switched to the Model 1941, with the F-34 gun, 9-RS radio set (also installed on the SU-100), and even thicker armour. T-34 byl sovětský střední tank vyvinutý na přelomu 30. a 40. let 20. století, který měl zásadní a trvalý dopad na konstrukci tanků. The upgunned Panzer IV posed a serious threat to the T-34, being able to penetrate frontally at a range of 1,200 m (3,900 ft) at any angle. However the tank also had various defects. Both were designed for mobility and ease of manufacture and maintenance, sacrificing some performance for these goals. The name of the T-34's engine (V-2; B-2 in Russian) is a model name, and has nothing to do with its number of cylinders. , Subassemblies for the T-34 originated at several plants: Kharkov Diesel Factory N.75 supplied the model V-2-34 engine, Leningrad Kirovsky Factory (formerly the Putilov works) made the original L-11 gun, and the Dinamo Factory in Moscow produced electrical components.  By 1987 Castro's request appeared to have been granted, as Cuban tank battalions were able to deploy substantial numbers of T-54Bs, T-55s, and T-62s; the T-34-85 was no longer in service. Krivosheev & Erickson 1997:252, table 95. , In 1937, the Red Army had assigned engineer Mikhail Koshkin to lead a new team to design a replacement for the BT tanks at the Kharkov Komintern Locomotive Plant (KhPZ). In March 1989, SWAPO inexplicably moved all its armoured units south towards the Namibian border. The Americans also concluded the maximum range of the gun was 2-3 km, but the effective range was only up to 1900 meters. , On January 29th 1945, the State Defense Committee approved a decree that extended the service life guarantee of the T-34's V-2-34 engine from 200 hours to 250 hours. , The T-34 was powered by a Model V-2-34 38.8 L V12 Diesel engine of 500 hp (370 kW),[notes 2] giving a top speed of 53 km/h (33 mph).  Ground trials by employees of NIBT Polygon in May 1943 reported that the KwK 36 88 mm gun could pierce the T-34 frontal hull from 1,500 meters at 90 degrees and cause a disastrous burst effect inside the tank. Extra armor plating was applied to the rear of the turret bustle as a counterweight for the heavier 120mm T53 main gun. , Over two years, the unit production cost of the T-34 was reduced from 269,500 rubles in 1941, to 193,000, and then to 135,000. This factory churned out thousands of T-34s, keeping up the supply of tanks the Red Army needed. In one of the first known encounters, a T-34 crushed a 37 mm PaK 36, destroyed two Panzer IIs, and left a 14-kilometre (8.7 mi)-long swathe of destruction in its wake before a howitzer destroyed it at close range. The prototype tank, designated A-20, was specified with 20 mm (0.8 in) of armour, a 45 mm (1.77 in) gun, and the new Model V-2-34 engine, using less-flammable diesel fuel in a V12 configuration designed by Konstantin Chelpan. 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